FOOT & ANKLE
Foot & Ankle Conditions Treated
Foot & Ankle Surgery
Foot & Ankle Related Patient Education
Disclaimer: All information presented on this page is intended for informational purposes only and not for rendering medical advice. The information contained herein is not intended to provide medical advice, diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease.
Ankle arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgical technique that utilizes the technology of fiberoptics, magnifying lenses, and digital video monitors to allow the surgeon to directly visualize the inside of an ankle through small incisions. Several incisions, approximately half a centimeter in length, are fashioned about the ankle to allow for the insertion of an arthroscope, or small fiberoptic video camera, and/or special arthroscopic instruments. Sterile fluid is also circulated through the ankle to distend the joint, creating more space for the arthroscope and instruments. This also allows for better visibility within the ankle, space to maneuver instruments, and clearance of debris.
During the surgery, an incision is made in the back of the calf. If the tendon is ruptured, the surgeon will stitch the tendon back together. If the tendon is degenerated, the surgeon may remove the damaged part of the tendon and repair the rest of the tendon with stitches. If there's severe damage to a lot of the tendon, the surgeon might replace part or all of your Achilles tendon. This is done with a tendon taken from another place in your foot. In some cases, the Achilles tendon repair surgery can be done as a minimally invasive procedure. This is done with several small incisions instead of one large one. It may use a special scope with a tiny camera and a light to help do the repair.
A bunionectomy is a surgical procedure that moves toes back into the correct position. The procedure balances the muscles around the toe joint to make sure that the bunion does not grow back. In some cases, surgery may only be required to remove the bunion. This operation is performed through a small incision on the side of the foot immediately over the area of the bunion. Once the skin is opened, the bump is removed using a special surgical saw or chisel. The bone is smoothed and the skin incision is closed with small stitches.
Cavovarus deformity may be corrected by conservative methods, such as bracing, to help with ankle instability and sprains, and shoe inserts, to raise the lateral border of the foot and accommodate the middle region of the foot. If cavovarus deformity is not adequately controlled by conservative means, your doctor will recommend surgical treatment. Weak muscles and contractures are corrected by a tendon transfer surgery, while bone deformities are corrected by cutting (osteotomy) or fusing bones (arthrodesis) to allow the foot to evenly contact the floor.